While most commercial chemicals can be effective, they can also be nonspecific in their action, meaning they can have many more effects than the one we intend. They can also require high temperatures or pressures and can lead to high energy use and undesirable byproducts.

Enzymes, on the other hand, are specific, so they can be selected and used to do a particular task without adverse side effects. They also create high reaction rates even in small amounts and are easy to control, which makes them very efficient. And because they are derived from natural sources, they are a much more sustainable option than most conventional chemicals. With thousands of different enzymes to choose from, each with its own specific action, there are an equal number of opportunities to apply them in innovative ways to improve products and manufacturing processes.